The Island of Lemurs

What are lemurs ?

Lemurs are one of the most well known of the Malagasy mammalian species. They are also amongst the most primitive of living primates. The study of lemurs allows scientists to learn all about primates life-story traits, behaviors, and ecological evolution. Many species of lemurs have been found during the two last decades.

There are 110 species of lemurs in Madagascar. 63 per cent are threatened with extinction. 16 species of lemur species had disappeared during the past 2000 years. New species of lemurs are also being discovered. Recently, scientists have discovered the following list: thee Microcebus Sambiranensis, the Microcebus Barthae, the Microcebus Lehilahitsara, the Microcebus Tavaratra, the Microcebus Ravelobenis, the Cheriogaleus Minisculus, the Cheriogaleus Ravus, Mirza Zaza, and the Avahi Cleesei.

Lemurs are widely found in the rainforests and the dry forest of Madagascar but some species remain difficult to observe, like the Aye-Aye for example, which is found only in few distinct locations.

The largest of all lemurs is the Indri Indri
Head-body length: 64 to 72 cm
Tail: 5 cm
Weight: 6 kg to 9.5 kg

The smallest is the Microcebus:
Head-body size: between 12 and 16 cm
Total size including the tail: 24 to 30 cm
Weight: 40 to 90 g

The lemur of Madagascar is the only one with top highest primate conservation priority in the world. Its very high species diversity and its endemism at the species, genus and family level is merely unparalleled anywhere else, and this is all the more impressive given its relatively tiny surface compared to the other three landmasses where primates live. It is undeniable that Madagascar is so important for primates that it is considered one of the four biggest biogeographic regions for primates, together with South and Central America, mainland Africa, and Asia. At 581,540 km2, Madagascar’s total land area is only about 7% that of Brazil, the world’s richest country for primates, and yet its primate diversity is comparable and its endemism much higher.Above that, given that only 10% of Madagascar’s land area remains as proper primate habitat, the high concentration of unique species, genera, and families in a tiny area becomes even more extreme.

SHORT LIST OF LEMURS SPECIES

Scientific nameCommon name
  
Mirza coquereliCoquerel’s giant mouse lemur
Mirza zazaNorthern giant mouse lemur
Phaner pallescensPale fork-marked lemur
Phaner parientiSambirano fork-marked lemur
Phaner electromontisMontagne d’Ambre fork-marked lemur
Lepilemur betsileoBetsileo sportive lemur
Lepilemur microdonSmall-toothed sportive lemur
Lepilemur wrightaeWright’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur hollandorumHolland’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur scottorumScott’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur milanoiiDaraina sportive lemur
Lepilemur ankaranensisAnkarana sportive lemur
Lepilemur mittermeieriMittermeier’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur grewcockorumGrewcock’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur ottoOtto’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur edwardsiMilne-Edwards’ sportive lemur
Lepilemur ahmansonorumAhmanson’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur randrianasoloiRandrianasolo’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur hubbardorumHubbard’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur leucopusWhite-footed sportive lemur
Hapalemur griseus ssp. gilbertiGilbert’s grey bamboo lemur
Lemur cattaRing-tailed lemur
Eulemur albifronsWhite-fronted brown lemur
Eulemur sanfordiSanford’s brown lemur
Eulemur collarisCollared brown lemur
Eulemur coronatusCrowned lemur
Avahi mooreorumMoore’s woolly lemur
Avahi betsileoBetsileo woolly lemur
Avahi meridionalisSouthern woolly lemur
Avahi occidentalisWestern woolly lemur
Avahi cleeseiCleese’s woolly lemur
Avahi unicolorSambirano woolly lemur
Propithecus verreauxiVerreaux’s sifaka
Propithecus deckeniiDecken’s sifaka
Propithecus coronatusCrowned sifaka
Propithecus coquereliCoquerel’s sifaka
Propithecus edwardsiMilne-Edwards’ sifaka
Daubentonia madagascariensisAye aye
Microcebus myoxinusPygmy mouse lemur
Microcebus tavaratraTavaratra mouse lemur
Microcebus rufusRed mouse lemur
Microcebus lehilahytsaraGoodman’s mouse lemur
Allocebus trichotisHairy-eared mouse lemur
Phaner furciferMasoala fork-marked lemur
Lepilemur sealiSeal’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur dorsalisGrey-backed sportive lemur
Lepilemur aeeclisAEECL’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur ruficaudatusRed-tailed sportive lemur
Lepilemur petteriPetter’s sportive lemur
Hapalemur griseus 
Hapalemur griseus ssp. griseusGrey bamboo lemur
Hapalemur meridionalisSouthern bamboo lemur
Hapalemur occidentalisNorthern bamboo lemur
Eulemur rufusRufous brown lemur
Eulemur macacoBlack lemur
Eulemur rubriventerRed-bellied lemur
Avahi lanigerEastern woolly lemur
Avahi peyrierasiPeyrieras’ woolly lemur
Avahi ramanantsoavanaiRamanantsoavana’s woolly lemur
Lepilemur mustelinusWeasel sportive lemur
Eulemur fulvusCommon brown lemur
Eulemur rufifronsRed-fronted brown lemur
Microcebus murinusCommon mouse lemur
Microcebus griseorufusGrey-brown mouse lemur
Cheirogaleus mediusFat-tailed dwarf lemur
Cheirogaleus majorGreater dwarf lemur
Cheirogaleus crossleyiCrossley’s dwarf lemur
Cheirogaleus minusculusLesser iron-grey dwarf lemur

Vacation ideas