» Size: 587,040 square kilometers. 1500 kilometers by 400 kilometers.
» Coastline: 5000 kilometers
» Highest altitude: 2876 meters
» Time zone: GMT/UTC +3 hours
» Regime: Democratic
» Citizens: Malagasy
» Capital: Antananarivo or Tananarive (commonly called Tana)
» Provinces: Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Mahajanga, Fianarantsoa, Toamasina, Toliary.
Since 2003, Madagascar has been divided into 22 administrative regions and committed to a fast and sustainable development of the country.
» Main political vision: ” Fast and sustainable development”
» Independence day: 26th June 1960
» Ethnicity: 18 official tribes.
» Population: 20 million inhabitants.
» Religions: Christian, Traditional and Moslem.
» Languages: Malagasy with 18 dialects. French is the second language. English has also become an official language since March 2007.
» Population distribution by chief provinces: » Antsiranana: 7.9 per cent » Mahajanga: 10.8 per cent » Antananarivo: 28.5 per cent » Toamasina:15.5 per cent » Fianarantsoa: 23.7 per cent » Toliary:13.6 per cent
» Main resources: Coffee, vanilla, cloves, shrimps, textile, essential oil, sugar, sapphire, raphia fibers, handicrafts, Tourism industry, export processing zone, cloths, sugar, tobacco, minerals and precious stones…
» Money: Malagasy Ariary (Mga) – Rates: US$1 = Mga2000 – Euro1.00 = Mga2700
» Seasons: hot and rainy season from November to April; cool and dry season from May to October.
» Precipitation: from 1 to 3.5 meters per year. See >> Climate of Madagascar
» Basic food: rice, zebu meat, vegetables
» Electricity voltage: 110 and 220 V.
» Public holidays:
– 1st January: New year
– 8th March: Women’s day
– 29th March: Revolution day (1947)
– Easter Monday
– 01st May: Labour day
– 25th May: African Union day
– Whit Monday
– 26th June: Independence day
– 15th August: The Assumption
– 1st November: All Saints
– 25th December: Christmas (half day off)
“Part of Africa, with Asian roots, Madagascar is made of colors and perfums. An Island that has kept an important living parts of the world’s natural history.
Also called the 6th continent or the Island Continent, Madagascar is most known for the very high rate of endemicity of its biodiversity. More than 80 per cent of the animals and plants you see in Madagascar is only found there and nowhere else. Madagascar is a living bank of genes for the planet.