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A world apart

Madagascar Biodiversity List

Birds, Mammals, and HERPS list

BIRDS
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Madagascar Little Grebe Tachybaptus pelzelnii
Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda
African Darter Anhinga melanogaster
Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Humblot’s Heron Ardea humbloti
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Great Egret Ardea alba
Black Heron Egretta ardesiaca
Dimorphic Egret Egretta dimorpha
Common Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides
Madagascar Pond-Heron Ardeola idae
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Striated (Green-backed ) Heron Butorides striatus
Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus
Madagascar Sacred Ibis Threskiornis bernieri
Madagascar Crested Ibis Lophotibis cristata
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor
Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
White-faced Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna viduata
Comb Duck Sarkidiornis melanotos
African Pygmy-goose Nettapus auritus
Bernier’s Teal Anas bernieri
Red-billed Teal Anas erythrorhyncha
Hottentot Teal Anas hottentota
Madagascar Cuckoo-Hawk Aviceda madagascariensis
Yellow-billed Kite Milvus aegyptus
Madagascar Fish-Eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides
Madagascar Harrier Circus macrosceles
Madagascar Harrier-Hawk Polyboroides radiatus
Frances’s Goshawk Accipiter francesii
Henst’s Goshawk (H) Accipiter henstii
Madagascar Buzzard Buteo brachypterus
Madagascar Kestrel Falco newtoni
Banded Kestrel Falco zoniventris
Helmeted Guineafowl (H) Numida meleagris
White-breasted Mesite Mesitornis variegata
Subdesert Mesite Monias benschi
Madagascar Buttonquail Turnix nigricollis
Madagascar Flufftail Sarothrura insularis
Madagascar Wood-Rail Canirallus kioloides
Madagascar Rail Rallus madagascariensis
White-throated Rail Dryolimnas cuvieri
Baillon’s Crake Porzana pusilla
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
Allen’s Gallinule (H) Porphyrio alleni
Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata
Madagascar Jacana Actophilornis albinucha
Greater Painted-snipe Rostratula benghalensis
Crab Plover Dromas ardeola
Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Madagascar Pratincole Glareola ocularis
Black-bellied (Grey) Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Madagascar Plover Charadrius thoracicus
Kittlitz’s Plover Charadrius pecuarius
Three-banded Plover Charadrius tricollaris
White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus
Lesser Sandplover Charadrius mongolus
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii
Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Sanderling Calidris alba
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Sooty Gull Larus hemprichii
Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
Lesser Crested Tern Sterna bengalensis
Great Crested Tern Sterna bergii
Saunders’ Tern Sterna saundersi
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybridus
Madagascar Sandgrouse Pterocles personatus
Rock Dove Columba livia
Madagascar Turtle-Dove Streptopelia picturata
Namaqua Dove Oena capensis
Madagascar Green-Pigeon Treron australis
Madagascar Blue-Pigeon Alectroenas madagascariensis
Grey-headed Lovebird Agapornis canus
Greater Vasa Parrot Coracopsis vasa
Lesser Vasa Parrot Coracopsis nigra
Madagascar Lesser Cuckoo Cuculus rochii
Giant Coua Coua gigas
Coquerel’s Coua Coua coquereli
Red-breasted Coua Coua serriana
Red-fronted Coua Coua reynaudii
Red-capped Coua Coua ruficeps
Green-capped Coua Coua olivaceiceps
Running Coua Coua cursor
Crested Coua Coua cristata
Verreaux’s Coua Coua verreauxi
Blue Coua Coua caerulea
Madagascar Coucal Centropus toulou
Malagasy (Rainforest) Scops-Owl Otus rutilus
Torotoroka (Western) Scops-Owl Otus madagascariensis
White-browed Owl Ninox superciliaris
Madagascar Long-eared Owl Asio madagascariensis
Madagascar Nightjar Caprimulgus madagascariensis
Collared Nightjar Caprimulgus enarratus
Madagascar Spine-tailed Swift Zoonavena grandidieri
African Palm-Swift Cypsiurus parvus
Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
Madagascar Black Swift Apus balstoni
Madagascar Kingfisher Alcedo vintsioides
Madagascar Pygmy-Kingfisher Ispidina madagascariensis
Madagascar Bee-eater Merops superciliosus
Broad-billed Roller Eurystomus glaucurus
Short-legged Ground-Roller Brachypteracias leptosomus
Pitta-like Ground-Roller Atelornis pittoides
Rufous-headed Ground-Roller Atelornis crossleyi
Long-tailed Ground-Roller Uratelornis chimaera
Cuckoo Roller Leptosomus discolor
Madagascar Hoopoe Upupa marginata
Velvet Asity Philepitta castanea
Schlegel’s Asity Philepitta schlegeli
Common Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis coruscans
Yellow-bellied Sunbird-Asity Neodrepanis hypoxanthus
Madagascar Lark Mirafra hova
Brown-throated Martin Riparia paludicola
Mascarene Martin Phedina borbonica
Madagascar Wagtail Motacilla flaviventris
Ashy Cuckoo-shrike Coracina cinerea
Long-billed Greenbul Phyllastrephus madagascariensis
Spectacled Greenbul Phyllastrephus zosterops
Appert’s Greenbul Phyllastrephus apperti
Grey-crowned Greenbul Phyllastrephus cinereiceps
Madagascar Bulbul Hypsipetes madagascariensis
Forest Rock-Thrush Monticola sharpei
Benson’s Rock-Thrush Monticola bensoni
Littoral Rock-Thrush Monticola imerinus
Madagascar Cisticola Cisticola cherinus
Brown Emu-tail Dromaeocercus brunneus
Gray Emu-tail Dromaeocercus seebohmi
Madagascar Brush-Warbler Nesillas typica
Subdesert Brush-Warbler Nesillas lantzi
Thamnornis Warbler Thamnornis chloropetoides
Madagascar Swamp-Warbler Acrocephalus newtoni
Rand’s Warbler Randia pseudozosterops
Dark Newtonia Newtonia amphichroa
Common Newtonia Newtonia brunneicauda
Archbold’s Newtonia Newtonia archboldi
Cryptic Warbler Cryptosylvicola randriansoloi
Madagascar Magpie-Robin Copsychus albospecularis
African Stonechat Saxicola torquata
Ward’s Flycatcher Pseudobias wardi
Madagascar Paradise-Flycatcher Terpsiphone mutata
Common Jery Neomixis tenella
Green Jery Neomixis viridis
Stripe-throated Jery Neomixis striatigula
Wedge-tailed Jery Hartertula flavoviridis
White-throated Oxylabes Oxylabes madagascariensis
Madagascar Yellowbrow Crossleyia xanthophrys
Crossley’s Babbler Mystacornis crossleyi
Souimanga Sunbird Cinnyris sovimanga
Madagascar Green Sunbird Cinnyris notatus
Madagascar White-eye Zosterops maderaspatanus
Red-tailed Vanga Calicalicus madagascariensis
Red-shouldered Vanga Calicalicus rufocarpalis
Rufous Vanga Schetba rufa
Hook-billed Vanga Vanga curvirostris
Lafresnaye’s Vanga Xenopirostris xenopirostris
Van Dam’s Vanga Xenopirostris damii
Pollen’s Vanga Xenopirostris polleni
Sickle-billed Vanga Falculea palliata
White-headed Vanga Artamella viridis
Chabert’s Vanga Leptopterus chabert
Madagascar Blue Vanga Cyanolanius madagascarinus
Helmet Vanga Euryceros prevostii
Tylas Vanga Tylas eduardi
Nuthatch Vanga Hypositta corallirostris
Crested Drongo Dicrurus forficatus
Pied Crow Corvus albus
Madagascar Starling Saroglossa aurata
Common Myna Acridotheres tristis
Nelicourvi Weaver Ploceus nelicourvi
Sakalava Weaver Ploceus sakalava
Madagascar Fody Foudia madagascariensis
Forest Fody Foudia omissa
Madagascar Munia Lonchura nana
MAMMALS (all are endemic)
Eastern Red Forest Rat Nesomys rufus
Fanaloka (Striped Civet) Fossa fossana
Ring-tailed Mongoose Galidia elegans
Brown Mouse lemur Microcebus rufus
Golden Brown Mouse lemur Microcebus ravelobensis
Red-tailed Sportive lemur Lepilemur ruficaudatus
Milne-Edward’s Sportive lemur Lepilemur edwardsi
Furry-eared (Greater) Dwarf lemur Cheirogaleus crossleyi
Eastern Gray Bamboo Lemur Hapalemur griseus griseus
Greater Bamboo lemur Hapalemur simus
Ring-tailed lemur lemur catta
Mongoose lemur Eulemur mongoz
Common Brown lemur Eulemur fulvus
Red-fronted Brown Lemur Eulemur rufus
White-fronted Brown lemur Eulemur albifrons
Red-bellied Lemur Eulemur rubriventer
Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur Varecia variegata
Eastern Woolly Lemur (Avahi) Avahi laniger
Western Avahi Avahi occidentalis
Diademed Sifaka Propithecus diadema
Milne-Edwards Diademed Sifaka Propithecus edwardsi
Coquerel’s Sifaka Propithecus coquereli
Verreaux’s Sifaka Propithecus verreaui
Indri Indri Indri
PARTIAL REPTILE and AMPHIBIAN LIST (all are endemic)
Crocodylus niloticus Nile Crocodile
Calumma brevicornis Short-horned Chameleon
Calumma nasuta Nose-horned Chameleon
Furcifer oustaleti Oustalet’s Chameleon
Furcifer verrucosus Warty Chameleon
Furcifer rhinoceratus Rhinosaurus Chameleon
Calumma parsoni Parson’s Giant Chameleon
Chalarodon madagascariensis Three-eyed Lizard
Oplurus cyclurus Madagascar Iguanid
Uroplatus fimbriatus Leaf-tailed Gecko
Phelsuma madagascariensis Madagascar Day Gecko
Phelsuma standingi Standing’s Day Gecko
Phelsuma lineata Lined Day Gecko
Phelsuma quadriocellata Four-spotted Day Geckos
Zonosaurus madagascariensis Common Lizard
Mabuya gravenhorstii Gravenhorst’s Skink
Sanzinia madagascariensis Madagascar Tree Boa
Mantella baroni Painted Mantella

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