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Lemurs are one of the most well known of the Malagasy mammalian species. They are also amongst the most primitive of living primates. The study of lemurs allows scientists to learn all about primates life-story traits, behaviors, and ecological evolution. Many species of lemurs have been found during the two last decades.

The 71 species and subspecies of primates in Madagascar are all endemic. 63 per cent are threatened with extinction. 16 species of lemur species had disappeared during the past 2000 years. New species of lemurs are also being discovered. Recently, scientists have discovered the following list: thee Microcebus Sambiranensis, the Microcebus Barthae, the Microcebus Lehilahitsara, the Microcebus Tavaratra, the Microcebus Ravelobenis, the Cheriogaleus Minisculus, the Cheriogaleus Ravus, Mirza Zaza, and the Avahi Cleesei.

Lemurs are widely found in the rainforests and the dry forest of Madagascar but some species remain difficult to observe, like the Aye-Aye for example, which is found only in few distinct locations.

The largest of all lemurs is the Indri Indri
Head-body length: 64 to 72 cm
Tail: 5 cm
Weight: 6 kg to 9.5 kg

The smallest is the Microcebus:
Head-body size: between 12 and 16 cm
Total size incuding the tail: 24 to 30 cm
Weight: 40 to 90 g

The lemur of Madagascar is the only one with top highest primate conservation priority in the world. Its very high species diversity and its endemism at the species, genus and family level is merely unparalleled anywhere else, and this is all the more impressive given its relatively tiny surface compared to the other three landmasses where primates live. It is undeniable that Madagascar is so important for primates that it is considered one of the four biggest biogeographic regions for primates, together with South and Central America, mainland Africa, and Asia. At 581,540 km2, Madagascar’s total land area is only about 7% that of Brazil, the world’s richest country for primates, and yet its primate diversity is comparable and its endemism much higher.Above that, given that only 10% of Madagascar’s land area remains as proper primate habitat, the high concentration of unique species, genera, and families in a tiny area becomes even more extreme.

SHORT LIST OF LEMURS

Scientific name Common name
Mirza coquereli Coquerel’s giant mouse lemur
Mirza zaza Northern giant mouse lemur
Phaner pallescens Pale fork-marked lemur
Phaner parienti Sambirano fork-marked lemur
Phaner electromontis Montagne d’Ambre fork-marked lemur
Lepilemur betsileo Betsileo sportive lemur
Lepilemur microdon Small-toothed sportive lemur
Lepilemur wrightae Wright’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur hollandorum Holland’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur scottorum Scott’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur milanoii Daraina sportive lemur
Lepilemur ankaranensis Ankarana sportive lemur
Lepilemur mittermeieri Mittermeier’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur grewcockorum Grewcock’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur otto Otto’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur edwardsi Milne-Edwards’ sportive lemur
Lepilemur ahmansonorum Ahmanson’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur randrianasoloi Randrianasolo’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur hubbardorum Hubbard’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur leucopus White-footed sportive lemur
Hapalemur griseus ssp. gilberti Gilbert’s grey bamboo lemur
Lemur catta Ring-tailed lemur
Eulemur albifrons White-fronted brown lemur
Eulemur sanfordi Sanford’s brown lemur
Eulemur collaris Collared brown lemur
Eulemur coronatus Crowned lemur
Avahi mooreorum Moore’s woolly lemur
Avahi betsileo Betsileo woolly lemur
Avahi meridionalis Southern woolly lemur
Avahi occidentalis Western woolly lemur
Avahi cleesei Cleese’s woolly lemur
Avahi unicolor Sambirano woolly lemur
Propithecus verreauxi Verreaux’s sifaka
Propithecus deckenii Decken’s sifaka
Propithecus coronatus Crowned sifaka
Propithecus coquereli Coquerel’s sifaka
Propithecus edwardsi Milne-Edwards’ sifaka
Daubentonia madagascariensis Aye aye
Microcebus myoxinus Pygmy mouse lemur
Microcebus tavaratra Tavaratra mouse lemur
Microcebus rufus Red mouse lemur
Microcebus lehilahytsara Goodman’s mouse lemur
Allocebus trichotis Hairy-eared mouse lemur
Phaner furcifer Masoala fork-marked lemur
Lepilemur seali Seal’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur dorsalis Grey-backed sportive lemur
Lepilemur aeeclis AEECL’s sportive lemur
Lepilemur ruficaudatus Red-tailed sportive lemur
Lepilemur petteri Petter’s sportive lemur
Hapalemur griseus
Hapalemur griseus ssp. griseus Grey bamboo lemur
Hapalemur meridionalis Southern bamboo lemur
Hapalemur occidentalis Northern bamboo lemur
Eulemur rufus Rufous brown lemur
Eulemur macaco Black lemur
Eulemur rubriventer Red-bellied lemur
Avahi laniger Eastern woolly lemur
Avahi peyrierasi Peyrieras’ woolly lemur
Avahi ramanantsoavanai Ramanantsoavana’s woolly lemur
Lepilemur mustelinus Weasel sportive lemur
Eulemur fulvus Common brown lemur
Eulemur rufifrons Red-fronted brown lemur
Microcebus murinus Common mouse lemur
Microcebus griseorufus Grey-brown mouse lemur
Cheirogaleus medius Fat-tailed dwarf lemur
Cheirogaleus major Greater dwarf lemur
Cheirogaleus crossleyi Crossley’s dwarf lemur
Cheirogaleus minusculus Lesser iron-grey dwarf lemur